When was the the first world war?

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It was in the city of Sarajevo, in June 28, 1914, that the chain of events that started World War One was set off.

On June 28 Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria attended a military review - but during the visit he and his wife were killed by Gavrilo Princip, a nationalist that wanted the Austro-Hungarian Empire out of Bosnia.

While his murder was the immediate catalyst for the declarations of war that followed, a patchwork of mutual defence alliances made throughout Europe meant that if one country was attacked, another was likely to defend them.

Prior to World War One, Russia was in alliance with Serbia, Germany was in alliance with Austria-Hungary; France was in alliance with Russia; while Britain was in alliance with France, Russia and Belgium.

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